Potential Sources of SMP Related Inventory Data|
This page features information on useful inventory sources for updating local shoreline master programs. It is currently a roughly sorted list, with basic information about some of the data sets and links to relevant web sites. CenterforLakeWashingtonStudies.com will add more information as we learn more and as more data becomes available, so check back now and again. For more information or to correct information on this list, please contact LAWA e-mail SAVELawa@aol.com.
Some key Ecology links: Workshop presentations | Ecology Statewide Data Sets, including shoreline jurisdiction points | Watershed planning site | Watershed maps showing "Section 303(d)" waterbodies
Monitoring information: Ecology Environmental Conditions Web page
Marine shoreline information: Coastal Zone Atlas of Washington | Shore Zone Data | Nearshore Habitat Inventory Component (PSAMP) | Intertidal Bait Fish Spawning Beach Survey Project | Net Shore-Drift Reports | Oblique aerial photos of marine shorelines | Historic maps of estuaries | Marine nearshore assessments (PSWQAT site) | King County "State of the Nearshore" Report | Puget Sound Research Conference presentations on shoreline modifications
Habitat information: Aquatic Habitat Protection Guidelines | Salmon and Steelhead Statistical Inventory (SASSI) | Salmon and Steelhead Habitat Inventory and Assessment Project (SSHIAP) | Priority Habitats and Species Inventory | Washington Natural Heritage Program | Aquatic Habitat Protection Guidelines | Bibliography on riparian functions, buffer strips, etc., 10th edition | Streamnet: Columbia Basin Fish data
Floodplains: Flood Insurance Rate Maps
General photos and maps: Historical air photos | University of Washington map collection and cartographic information services
Contaminated sediment: Ecology sediment web site
Watershed assessment links:|
planning site |
Ecology workshop presentations
Below are Powerpoint presentations from Ecology's May/June 2001 workshops on inventory and assessment.
Ecology Statewide Data Sets
Spatial datasets are available in ARC/INFO export format (zipped E00), metadata files are in FGDC format, and view files are in GIF format.
Ecology Environmental Conditions Web page
Web site organized by watershed (WRIA) presents selected on-line environmental information (both at Ecology and from outside sources). Includes:
Marine shoreline information
Coastal Zone Atlas of Washington
Date: 1978-1980. Some portions of Atlas have now been digitized, but no attempt has been made to update original mapping.
Coverage: Marine shorelines inside of Neah Bay: Strait of Juan de Fuca, Puget Sound, and the Strait of Georgia. Includes 12 counties, but excludes tribal and federally owned lands. Mapping includes nearshore zone and extends inland 2000 feet.
Description: Prepared in the late 1970s and published in individual volumes for each of twelve counties. Contains maps in six categories: Geology, Slope Stability, Coastal Flooding, Sand and Gravel/Critical Biological Areas, Coastal Drift, and Land Cover/Land Use.
Slope Stability. Relative mapping of slope stability (Unstable, Intermediate, Stable) and delineation of both historic and recent landslides. Relative stability maps remain useful for identifying potentially unstable areas and serving as threshold for more detailed geotechnical evaluations. Maps of recent slides seriously out of date.
Coastal Drift. Maps of littoral drift, beach substrate, bluff erosion, and wave energy. In principle, very useful information, but numerous problems with data. Wave and drift information is locally inaccurate, and for littoral drift, the Net Shore-Drift reports are recommended instead. Bluff classification indicates importance as sediment sources (feeder bluffs), but we are aware of no efforts to date to verify the accuracy or applicability of this information. We are aware of some local inaccuracies. Beach substrate information may also be useful, but will probably need to be checked against more recent Shore Zone data to assess its quality and usefulness.
Contact: Out of print. Most local planning departments have copies.
Web Site: Slope maps available on the Internet at: www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/sea/landslides/maps/maps.html
Shore Zone Data
The inventory segments the shoreline into homogeneous units, roughly corresponding to littoral drift cells. Data was collected by video taken from helicopter, with voice over descriptions of shoreline geology and botany, and was digitized as ArcInfo layers; available on CD-ROM.. Videotapes are available for further analysis. Information includes:
Contact: Department of Natural Resources, (360) 902-1600
Web Site: http://www.dnr.wa.gov - under "GIS data"
Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program (PSAMP), Nearshore Habitat Inventory Component
Scale: 1:12,000 (4-meter pixel)
Description: Detailed near-shore habitat information. Data source is aerial photography with field work and remote sensing. Information available on CD.
Especially useful for estuaries and mudflats and includes canopy vegetation, intertidal vegetation, animals, substrate, and wave energy.
Intertidal Bait Fish Spawning Beach Survey Project
Description: The survey documents existence of forage fish spawning grounds on Puget Sound beaches. Information was obtained through extensive site visits. Information is available as a GIS layer.
The coverage is limited to 75% of Puget Sound because funding for the study was terminated after the 3rd of four funding cycles. A new inventory by the NW Straits Commission is being undertaken in Snohomish, Skagit, San Juan, Island, Whatcom, Jefferson and Clallam Counties. This will complete the WDWF inventory for these areas, but an inventory for the South Sound is yet to be programmed.
Contact: Dale Gombert, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, (425) 379-2317
Net Shore-Drift Reports, Department of Ecology
Scale:mostly 1: 24,000
Description:Maps indicating direction of net shore-drift and approximate boundaries of individual drift (or littoral) cells. For most, but not all areas, short narratives describe the evidence for littoral drift within each cell. Drift information is available in a series of Department of Ecology reports, or for the Port Townsend 1:100,000 quadrangle, as a US Geological Survey map. Drift information has recently been digitized by Ecology. CDs are being created county-by-county. Contact Cinde Donoghue to find out if your county is ready. For the Southwest Washington coast, much of this information is superseded by research generated by the Southwest Coastal Erosion Project.
To order, contact:Jean Witt, Ecology Publications Distribution Office, (360) 407-7472, e-mail ecypub.ecy.wa.gov
Oblique aerial photos of marine shorelines
2001- 2002 coverage. Each digital photo is approximately 150-200 feet of shoreline, 1 inch = 75 feet. Resolution is at 300 pixels per inches. (Photos are being shot digitally). CDs are being created county-by-county as they are shot. We expect that all marine shorelines in state will be covered by summer 2002. Contact Cinde Donoghue to find out if your county is ready.
Coverage:Washington's marine shorelines (Outer Coast and Puget Sound)
Description:oblique aerial photography of the state's entire 2,500 miles of marine shoreline. More than 10,000 true-color photos comprise a continuous series, panning left to right along the shoreline. The photos were taken to optimize sun angle, shoreline orientation, and low tides. Oblique photos are useful for interpreting bluff geology and land-sliding, riparian vegetation, and shoreline modifications such as bulkheads and seawalls.
Web Site:Department of Ecology, http://apps.ecy.wa.gov/shorephotos
Historic maps of estuaries
Historic Changes of Shoreline and Wetland at Eleven Major Deltas in the Puget Sound Region (1980). These maps document shoreline changes, both natural and human-induced, since early non-Native American settlement, loss of wetland habitat, and patterns of land-use changes on the following deltas:
Fish and wildlife habitat information
Salmon and Steelhead Statistical Inventory (SASSI)
Description: Information about the inventory is posted at: http://www.wa.gov/wdfw/fish/sassi/intro.htm
Information about requesting maps from WDFW is posted at: http://www.wa.gov/wdfw/hab/release.htm
Salmon and Steelhead Habitat Inventory and Assessment Project (SSHIAP), WDFW
Web site: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, www.wa.gov/wdfw/hab/sshiap/
WDFW Priority Habitats and Species Inventory
Date:1990s see web site
Description: The Priority Habitats and Species (PHSPOLY) Database consists of polygons that describe occurances of priority habitats and species. Priority habitats are those habitat types with unique or significant value to many fish or wildlife species. Priority species are those fish and wildlife species requiring special efforts to ensure their perpetuation because of their low numbers, sensitivity to habitat alteration, tendency to form vulnerable aggregations, or because they are of commercial, recreational, or tribal importance. All priority species mapped areas represent known use areas; they are not potential habitats. PHSPOLY may include locations of federal and state listed species (threatened, endangered, sensitive, candidate) and other priority non-game and game species. Locational data are associated with tables detailing each priority habitat and species. PHSPOLY data are compiled by WDFW biologists using the best information available from research efforts, surveys, or field observations.
Web Site: http://www.wa.gov/wdfw/hab/phspage.htm
Aquatic Habitat Protection Guidelines
The Department of Fish and Wildlife Web site now includes "White Papers" summarizing the state-of-the-knowledge on seven issues relevant to shoreline management:
Web Site: http://www.wa.gov/wdfw/hab/ahg/
National Wetlands Inventory
Date: see web site
Description: The US Fish and Wildlife Service maintains a web site with information about the National Wetlands Inventory.
You can order maps from the USFWS Web site, or order paper from:
Web site: http://www.nwi.fws.gov/
Soil survey maps
The US Natural Resources Conservation Service Web page includes information on availability of soils maps, including information on hydric soils.
Web site: http://www.wa.nrcs.usda.gov/
General photo and map sources
Historical air photos
Scale: Mostly 1:24,000
DNR: late 1930s coverage by US Army emphasized coastal Washington for national defense purposes; post-World War II era saw the beginning of state-wide coverage.
Washington Department of Transportation has coverage of state highway corridors.
Description: Older photography is black & white; some newer coverage is color.
Contact: Connie Manson, DNR Geology and Earth Resources Librarian, 902-1472
Washington Department of Transportation Photogrammetry Laboratory, Tumwater.
University of Washington map collection and cartographic information services
The UW Map Collection has been designated by the Washington State Library as the state regional map depository and receives all maps and digital mapping products issued through the U.S. Geological Survey and the Government Printing Office. As a depository library, the Map Collection is required to provide access to U.S. government maps and mapping data.
Main Web Site: http://www.lib.washington.edu/maps/
Air photo Web Site: http://www.lib.washington.edu/Maps/airphotochart.html
Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs)
Description: Q3 FDigital Flood Data
The Q3 Flood Data are derived from the Flood Insurance Rate Maps published by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Shows 100-year and 500-year floodplains.
Contact: Jerry Franklin, Department of Ecology, (360) 407-7470
Contaminated Sediment Sites Report
Ecology's January 2000 Sediment Cleanup Status Report (Jan, 2000) provides information about all known or suspected Washington State sediment cleanup sites to date and various attributes of those sites. The information was collected from Ecology sediment cleanup site managers in June of 1999 and reflects the most recent state of knowledge about sediment cleanup sites.
Contact: For paper copy, contact Carol Esget at firstname.lastname@example.org or 360 407-7224.